It may ease their way into the EU, but ethnically homogeneous states are a recipe for disaster. I know from my family history
The Balkans are boiling again. This time it’s because speculation is rife that Kosovo and Serbia may finally end their dispute and normalise their relations. Kosovo’s president, Hashim Thaçi, and his Serbian counterpart, Aleksandar Vučić, are said to be close to an agreement that would help stabilise the Balkans and open the doors for both countries to join the European Union. Negotiations are happening under the mediation of the EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini.
Ten years after Kosovo declared its independence, the last chapter of the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia would be closed.
It sounds like a fairytale. Two leaders who were on opposing sides in the 1998-1999 war that left thousands of Kosovar civilians killed, tens of thousands of homes burned and destroyed, more than a million people expelled and displaced – and which ended only after Nato intervened – would have suddenly conquered their hatreds and enmities for the sake of a better future for their people. A breakthrough at last?
On the contrary, it could turn into a nightmare. The deal under consideration is sometimes called a “border correction”, or an “exchange of territories”. Neither Thaçi nor Vučić have given much detail, but it seems that the agreement would see part of Kosovo’s northern territory, with a majority Serb population, joining Serbia; meanwhile part of southern Serbia, a region commonly known as Preshevo Valley, whose population is majority Albanian, would join Kosovo.
This land swap would result in fewer Serbs living in Kosovo and fewer Albanians in Serbia. Both countries would become more “ethnically pure”. Many people would have to leave their family homes and birthplaces. In short, there would be an exchange of populations, not just territories.
Why would Brussels even entertain the notion of supporting a plan that so deeply contradicts European values?
Charles Kupchan, former adviser to Barack Obama and now a professor at Georgetown University, has described the tentative plan as “peaceful ethnic cleansing”. Supportive of the land-swap idea, he believes “pragmatism needs to trump principle”. I beg to differ.
Creating ethnically homogenous territories and states (in short, getting rid of minorities) is hardly a new idea. In Kosovo, throughout history, it’s happened many times. And it has always left deep wounds that simply won’t heal. Almost every Kosovar has family stories to vouch for this. Here are mine.
The first goes back to the dying years of Ottoman rule in the Balkans. In 1877-8, my mother’s family was among tens of thousands of Albanians expelled from their homes in the village of Berjan i Poshtëm (Donje Brijanje in Serbian), located in today’s southern Serbia. Even now, during family gatherings, elder cousins recall the stories their grandfathers told – of houses, fields and graves they had to leave behind. Their expulsion was ethnic cleansing, made irreversible by the 1878 Congress of Berlin.
Another family story is from my late paternal grandfather. As a child, I would watch his tearful eyes and hear his deep voice trembling while he recalled a night in 1927 when he, his father and his elder brother had to leave their house and pastry shop in the town of Pravishte – now Eleftheroupoli, in eastern Greece. It happened as a consequence of a Greco-Turkish Lausanne agreement on population exchange. This was not their homeland, but it was all they had to provide for the family back in Kosovo. They were given only a few minutes to pack, there was no violence, everything was peaceful, as my grandfather would describe, years later. But it was ethnic cleansing, nonetheless.
Just a few minutes to leave was also what many Kosovar Albanians were given by Serb military and security forces, in March 1999, when Slobodan Milošević’s campaign of ethnic cleansing was in full swing. It was repressive, violent, bloody and criminal. Many were killed, most were expelled. Over a million people were turned into refugees, including almost all my mother’s family, descendants of those expelled from southern Serbia, 120 years earlier – as were many relatives on my father’s side, descendants of those who’d had to abandon the pastry shop in eastern Greece. I ended up as a refugee myself, in Macedonia. We were all victims of ethnic cleansing, and it took Nato’s intervention to reverse that.
I don’t think those supporting the Kosovo-Serbia land-swap idea aren’t aware of the risks. They just ignore the obvious. Ethnic cleansing is a crime, peaceful or not. Apart from being morally unacceptable and ultimately anti-European, the plan would also cause huge, long-term political and security instability across the entire region. If Kosovo and Serbia are allowed to swap territories and people, how could that be denied elsewhere? Many communities in the region dislike the state they live in: Serbs and Croats in Bosnia, Muslims in Serbia, Albanians in Macedonia, or even Hungarians in Slovakia and Turks in Cyprus.
That’s why many oppose the “solution” that is seemingly under consideration. In Kosovo, the land swap has been rejected by a majority of parliamentary parties as well as by the governing coalition. Kosovo’s status and borders derive from its independence in 2008, based on a plan proposed by the former Finnish president, Martti Ahtisaari. That solution was found by the international court of justice to be in accordance with the law.
There is next to no support for Thaçi’s land swap among Kosovo Albanians. The deal wouldn’t be ratified by Kosovo parliament even if he were to sign it. And a majority of Kosovo Serbs are also against it, as it would mean many would end up “on the wrong side of the border”.
The border deal is also unacceptable for many western countries – notably Germany and the UK. Angela Merkel has made clear she rejects any border changes in the Balkans. “This has to be said again and again, because again and again there are attempts to perhaps talk about borders, and we can’t do that,” she warned in August.
So the real question for the EU is this: why would Brussels even entertain the notion of supporting a plan that so deeply contradicts European values, that is rejected by European capitals, and unwanted by most people on the ground? Federica Mogherini can and should provide some answers.
• Agron Bajrami is editor in chief of Koha Ditore, Kosovo’s leading newspaper
Three men and a woman are suspected in the Kosovar capital Pristina of planning Islamist attacks. Not only would they have targeted a Serbian Orthodox Church in Kosovo, but according to the indictment they also had plans for attacks in Belgium and France. Two of the four also have a Belgian passport.
The arrest of two people was already announced at the beginning of June. Since then, two more people have been arrested, and the whole group is now under suspicion. The French press agency AFP was able to inspect the deed of indictment.
The attack on a church in the Kosovar city of Mitrovica was the most concrete plan. That attack was thwarted by the arrest, as is stated in the indictment. In addition, there would also have been plans for attacks in two discotheques in the Serbian enclave of Gracanica and an attack against the NATO force in Kosovo (KFOR). There are also plans for attacks in France and Belgium, but without further specification.
The 26-year-old Bujar B. was arrested in September. He is considered the leader. He would have stated during the investigation that the intention was to “attack groups of people who came together for religious festivals”.
Bujar B. also has Belgian nationality. The same applies to the 26-year-old Gramos S., who was arrested in June. The 25-year-old Edona H. and the 26-year-old Resim K. were arrested that month.
According to the indictment, Bujar B. would also be one of the organizers of a thwarted attack against the Israeli national football team during a match in Albania in November 2016. In the meantime, eight other Islamists were convicted. They received cell sentences of up to ten years.
With 93 yellow hard hats, each representing a lost life, protesters in Prishtina demanded a halt to workplace deaths in Kosovo and better conditions for workers overall.
Bearing numbered safety helmets, a few dozen protesters marched through Mother Teresa Boulevard to the government building in Prishtina, demanding improved working conditions on construction sites, and accountability for the 93 recorded cases of workplace deaths in the country in the past five years.
Called “The buildings are yours, the lives are ours,” the protest concluded with participants placing all the helmets on the guard rails that surround the government building.
“And if the government, or somebody else, decides to remove the helmets without our permission, they can be considered collaborators with the people responsible for these cases,” said Kushtrim Mehmeti, organizer of the protest, who emphasized that helmets will be added to for every future case.
Mehmeti, who is part of Beyond the Wall, an NGO based in Skenderaj that focuses on civic activism, said that the protest aims to convey the miserable conditions that workers deal with in Kosovo, and voice that there has been no progress towards solving the problem.
“As long as there is no result, something is going wrong. I request all people that are responsible for these deaths that they do something,” he said. “We’re in October, and 18 individuals have died [this year], and by December we may have [a statistic of] two deaths per month. I do not know how 2019 will be.”
He said that one of the most noteworthy shortcomings is the low number of inspectors who evaluate whether workplace conditions are up to par. According to Mehmeti, inspectors also often fall prey to bribery, which hinders improvement.
“One of the most concerning things is that the number of inspectors is 42. With 42 inspectors, they aim to cover the whole of Kosovo. We demand that there are more inspectors before 2019, and have more security for inspectors when they go and do their job, they shouldn’t be bought with a lunch, or a hamburger,” Mehmeti said.
Jusuf Azemi, head of Independent Syndicate of the Private Sector of Kosovo, said that country has had the highest number of workplace deaths in the region in the past years.
“Every year we have a tremendously high growth [in workplace deaths]. Most of them didn’t even have work contracts, and as such they have no institutional support,” he said.
Azemi said that, despite the presence of the Law on Labor in Kosovo, it is oftentimes not respected, and that institutions fail to open their ears to the advice and suggestions of the syndicates.
“We have said it before, our workers are being treated like slaves. I am convinced that in other countries in the region or elsewhere, if they had this figure, the minister [of labor] and maybe even the prime minister would recognize that these are human lives and we are losing them because we are not careful,” he said.
He said that change is only possibly through direct actions from responsible institutions, and that there are few positive signs of change at the moment.
“We receive the cases, we talk about it for a few days and we forget them. The worst is that many of them are breadwinners, and when their life ends, their families in a way also lose the right for social assistance, cases happen and we do nothing about them,” he said.
“We have followed these cases, and if they are won in court, they only got a symbolic sum of support and everything ends with that.”
Mehmeti invited protestors to join future gatherings in support of workers in Kosovo, saying that they will be more assertive.
“I say that this is a war situation, 18 people die in 10 months, something is not going well, I do not know why they consider this normal, and it is an extraordinary situation,” he said. I do not think that our future actions will be as peaceful as the one today, they will become rougher, and we ask that our lives are protected.”
In photos: Music, dance and rainbow flags accompany citizens in Prishtina’s centre as they march for the country’s second ever pride parade on Wednesday.
Hundreds of citizens from Kosovo and the region gathered in the centre of Prishtina for the country’s second pride parade on Wednesday, marking the end of Pride week’s events organised by the Centre of Equality and Liberty for LGBT in Kosovo, CEL.
Waving scores of rainbow flags, activists and allies of the LGBTQ+ community convened at Skenderbeu Square, making their way down Nene Tereza Boulevard, chanting the slogan of this year’s parade, “in the name of freedom,” as they reached Zahir Pajaziti Square.
Lendi Mustafa, activist from the LGBTQ+ community in Kosovo, said that the aim of the parade is to increase the visibility of this community’s members, and appealed for institutions to recognise the issues that this community deals with.
“Today, in the name of freedom, we invite all state institutions to not deny our identity, to offer equal opportunities and fulfil their responsibilities regarding human rights in order to work towards a diverse society,” he said.
He said that another goal of the parade is to represent individuals who cannot enjoy a decent life because of the pressure they face in relation with their sexual identity.
“We came together to show that we are becoming empowered, and we have hope that we will enjoy demands, we will remain united until the end. We will be your voice,” Mustafa said.
According to Blert Morina, director of CEL, the title of this year’s parade was chosen because “being a member of the LGBTI community in Kosovo means that you’re going to face double discrimination, social pressure, most of the time institutional discrimination so it’s important to talk and see what could be done better.”
Among the participants this year were Mayor of Prishtina Shpend Ahmeti, Minister of European Integration Dhurata Hoxha, several members of the Kosovo assembly and representatives from foreign embassies.
After a public invitation, Adelina Ismajli, a famous pop star who has been prominent in Kosovo’s mainstream music scene since the 1990s, joined the parade just minutes after one of her songs was played through the speakers, wearing the rainbow flag and greeting enthusiastic fans.
Kosovo’s second pride parade. | Photo: Atdhe Mulla
Days after placing the Serbian military on high alert over a border incident with Kosovo, President Aleksandar Vucic is visiting Moscow to meet his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin.
While Vucic said the situation with the incursion of Kosovan commandos would be part of the discussion with Putin, the Kremlin stressed that the visit had been planned months ahead and was not directly linked to tension in the Balkans. Vucic last visited Russia in May during Victory Day celebrations and, before that, in December last year.
Last Saturday, dozens of Kosovan troops entered a predominantly Serb enclave in the north of the self-proclaimed republic, seizing several industrial sites. The incursion, which violated agreements between Belgrade and Pristina, was justified by security concerns during a visit by Kosovan leader Hashim Thaci. Serbia protested against the move and put its troops on high alert in response.
The conflict over the incursion may have since calmed down, but the potential for any such incident to escalate into outright violence should not be underestimated, according to RT political analyst Aleksandar Pavic. This is especially the case since it happened amid attempts by Vucic to negotiate a deal with Kosovo, which is not recognized as a sovereign nation by Serbia and Russia. His willingness to change that has little support at home, and Russia clearly said that it will only back a decision that is approved by the Serbian people.
If a deal emerges, “Serbia will be crippled and divided within, because most of the Serbian public is against the partition,”said Pavic. “It is a very delicate issue for both the Serbian president and the Russian president.”
Also, he added that if the status of Kosovo as a sovereign nation is consolidated by Serbia’s recognition, the likely result would be Kosovo becoming part of Albania, a NATO member, and Moscow sees NATO as hostile to Russia.
Pavel Kandel, an expert on ethnic conflict with the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences said the saber-rattling is little more than PR exercise by both parties.
“Thaci, whose position in Kosovo has been weakened, really needed to demonstrate how tough he is, how he is in control of the situation and can even travel to the north of Kosovo and take troops with him. The same goes for the Vucic and his army-rallying. He had to demonstrate he is a tough guy too,” he told RT.
He said the Serbia-Kosovo deal was pretty much derailed by the Kosovan side’s lack of flexibility.
“I believe Vucic would be prepared to recognize Kosovo’s independence in exchange for Serbian membership in the EU, but he needed it to be a sort of a compromise. But the Albanians [in Kosovo] are not willing to concede anything to save Vucic’s face.”
Serbian armed forces were put on the highest combat readiness after Kosovo’s Special Forces made their way into a Serbian enclave in the self-proclaimed state on Saturday.
Some 60 ROSU troops arrived on the territory of a Serbian autonomous region in the northwestern part of the area claimed by Kosovo, in violation of the agreements between Belgrade and Pristina.
The Kosovar special forces positioned itself around the dam on Gazivoda Lake and took control of the local hydroelectric power station, detaining several Serbian citizens. They also entered the Center for Ecology and Sport Development in Zubin Potok, Marco Duric, director of the Office for Kosovo and Metohija in the Serbian government, said.
The Kosovar troops were sent to the Serb-populated area in order to provide security during a boat trip to northern Kosovo by the self-proclaimed state’s leader, Hashim Thaci, he added.
Thaci, who is facing protests in Pristina over the possible land swap with Belgrade, made a visit to Gazivoda on Saturday that was labeled a “PR-stunt” by Boris Malagurski, a film director and political commentator.
“The reason why he went there on Saturday was because the movement, called Self-Determination, had huge protest in Pristina and he tried to drag away attention from that and show that he is very powerful and can go wherever he wants,” he said.
Serbia’s President, Aleksandar Vucic, has ordered the country’s armed forces to be on the highest combat alert in response to the incursion, with the measure still being in place. Serbian Interior Minister, Nebojsa Stefanovic, described the incident as an “Albanian attack” in the country’s Kosovo and Metohija.
Pristina dismissed the claims of occupying the area and said there were no arrests carried out, according to the local deputy police commander, Besim Hoti. The troops were at Gazivoda for a “single visit,” he told RTS.
ROSU servicemen withdrew from the dam at around 16:10 local time (14:10 GMT) as soon as Thaci’s visit concluded, Duric confirmed.
The official said the situation was “very dangerous” and compared to state of things to the start of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The ROSU troops “were armed to teeth and looked more like terrorists that security forces,” he added.
Malagurski believes that the repeat of such provocative incidents between Kosovo and Serbia is unlikely. “They’ve finished their PR stunt and, I think, this is where it ends,” especially, after Belgrade sent a strong message to Pristina by putting its military on high alert, he explained.
The control over the Gazivoda and its facilities has been a matter of dispute between Belgrade and Pristina for years. The lake is the major drinking water supplier for several municipalities of the region and a local power station also uses the water from it.
“Gazivoda is a very disputed and a very important lake,” which is essential for Kosovo, Malagurski said. “The local power plant gets its water from it. If Gazivode is taken away from Pristina, Kosovo would essentially lose electricity.”
Self-proclaimed Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008 and the recognition of the region is matter of a major international dispute. Kosovo has been recognized by the US and a number of its allies, yet, a number of countries, including Spain, China and Russia opposed the controversial move. In fact, over half of the UN states did not support Kosovo’s independence.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said on Friday that “Kosovo is not a state” for the international organization.
Thousands of supporters of Kosovo’s opposition Self-Determination shouting slogans and waving flags of the world countries march through toward Skanderbeg Square on Saturday, Sept. 29, 2018, in Kosovo capital Pristina. Thousands of people in Kosovo are protesting their president’s willingness to include a possible territory swap with Serbia in the ongoing negotiations to normalize relations between the two countries. (Visar Kryeziu/Associated Press)
Visar Kryeziu And Llazar Semini | AP
September 29 at 12:42 PM
PRISTINA, Kosovo — Tension flared in a familiar section of the Balkans as thousands of people marched Saturday in Kosovo’s capital against a possible territory swap with former war foe Serbia, while the Serbian government put its troops on alert after special police were deployed to Kosovo’s Serb-dominated north.
Serbia reacted after Kosovo’s special police moved into an area around the Kosovo side of the strategic Gazivode Lake, Marko Djuric, director of Serbia’s Office for Kosovo and Metohija, said.
Kosovar President Hashim Thaci visited the area near Serbia’s border Saturday, a move that temporarily redirected attention away from the large opposition protest in Pristina. A security unit was dispatched to the area for the president’s stop, Kosovo police said.
Serbia’s Djuric said special troops must not be deployed unannounced to northern Kosovo, where the country’s ethnic Serbian minority population is concentrated. Serbian media said Belgrade has complained to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.
Serbia does not recognize Kosovo’s 2008 declaration of independence, but their governments have been in European Union-mediated negotiations for seven years. The two sides have been told they must normalize relations as a precondition to EU membership.
Thaci has said a “border correction” could be part of the discussions. Some Serbian officials have suggested an exchange of territories could help end the dispute.
One idea that has been floated by politicians in both countries involves exchanging predominantly ethnic Albanian Presevo Valley in southern Serbia with Kosovo’s Serb-populated north.
However, the idea has faced opposition from Germany and other EU nations, which have said they fear a Kosovo-Serbia trade could trigger demands for territory revisions in other parts of the volatile Balkans.
Thousands of supporters of Kosovo’s opposition Self-Determination Party marched peacefully through the capital of Pristina on Saturday to protest any potential change of borders. The protesters held national Albanian flags.
Opposition leader Albin Kurti said he considered Thaci a collaborator with Serbia and called for fresh elections.
“Such a grandiose protest is our response to the deals from Thaci and Vucic,” Kurti said.
Thaci has rejected both border revisions based on ethnicity and a possible land trade.
But he has not clarified how Serbia could be persuaded to give away the Presevo Valley without something in exchange.
Three weeks ago, Serbian leader Vucic visited the lake in northern Kosovo that Thaci traveled to Saturday.
NATO-led peacekeepers in Kosovo, a force known as KFOR, called for calm and restraint. They said they would continue monitoring the situation along the Serbia-Kosovo border with ground patrols and helicopters.
Thaci’s office issued a statement acknowledging his visit to a border crossing and the lake.
“During the weekends the head of state usually goes to Kosovo’s beauties,” the statement said.
The governments in both Pristina and Belgrade have said they hope the EU-mediated talks will result in a legally binding agreement.
“Talks (with Serbia) that continue will be on peace and stability,” Thaci said Saturday.
Killing the insects, which kills the wildlife that feed on the insects. Last year there were dead birds that had eaten the insects, on the ground surrounded by starving cats, that would not attempt to eat the bird, yet people will inhale this poison. People in the street, will not have the protection of hazmat suits.
Causing cancer to those that inhale the air. If if it safe for humans then why are the those that are spraying it wearing hazmat suits? Why spray on a Saturday evening in the centre of Prishtina, when the city centre if full of people?
They ban fireworks against pollution and then spray poison on the ground!!! Mosquitos breed in stagnant water and that is where they should be killing the larvae, not spraying the centre where there is no stagnant water and the mosquitos just fly away.
Last year there were just as many mosquitos after the spraying as there were before it. It is the people they are poisoning with their glyphosate, which causes cancer and is banned in many countries.
According to Baum, Hedlund, Aristei & Goldman, a U.S. law firm representing hundreds of plaintiffs suing Monsanto for allegedly causing their cancer, the following countries have banned or placed restrictions on the use of glyphosate:
Malta: Malta began the process of instituting countrywide ban of glyphosate. However, Environment Minister José Herrera backtracked in January of 2017, saying the country would continue to oppose glyphosate in discussions but would fall in line with the European Union and wait for further studies. In November of 2017, Malta was one of nine EU countries to vote against relicensing glyphosate. The country also signed a letter to the EU Commission in 2018 calling for “an exit plan for glyphosate…“
Slovenia: Slovenia was one of six EU member states to sign a 2018 letter to the European Commission citing “concerns” about the risks associated with glyphosate. The letter called upon the Commission to introduce “an exit plan for glyphosate…”
Last year 6 more countries in the Middle East banned it.
So why hasn’t the U.S. banned glyphosate?
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been conducting its required 15-year re-registration review of glyphosate since 2009. The agency was supposed to re-approve or ban the chemical by the end of 2015. But after the IARC panel of 17 scientists unanimously agreed glyphosate was a probable human carcinogen, the EPA was forced to take its review of the chemical more seriously.
Banned everywhere, but as sales of insecticides plummet, the US sells it to Kosovo cheap, just like the banned medicines that are being sold in pharmacies in Kosovo. Kosovo lives don’t matter to them.
Nesër, e shtunë, 4 gusht fillon faza e katërt e Dezinsektimit
Hapsinor në Komunën e Prishtinës . Kjo ditë është zgjedhur pas të gjitha pregatitjeve teknike dhe operative nga ana e Komunës dhe kompanisë kontraktuese dhe pasi që parashikimet klimatike sigurojnë në javë me mot stabil dhe pa reshje , për arsye se reshjet e ulin dukshëm efektin e dezinsektimit. Në rast të reshjeve të shiut , puna ndërpritet për të vazhduar ditën në vijim kurr kushtet atmosferike janë të favorshm…
Tomorrow, Saturday, August 4th begins the fourth stage of dezinsektimit
Space in the municipality of pristina. This day has been selected after all technical and operational projections on the side of the municipality and the contracting company, and since climate forecasts provide a week with stable weather and without precipitation, for reasons that the precipitation clearly decrease the effect of dezinsektimit. In Case of rain precipitation, the work is terminated to continue the following day never the atmospheric conditions are favourable.
Based on these data, kedhe this herw will be dezinsektohet the surface of 6200 hectares, including rural areas where there is high potential of development of these insect.
Even this year will be used safe preparatet registered for use in the countries of the European Union and the United States of America.
The Dezinsektimi will take place every day starting at 19:30 by 23:30, according to the dates below the specific neighborhood.04.08.2018: City Park, Aktash, qyteteza Payton, City Centre, neighborhood neighborhood, Vellushe (Blocks-house of elders), tophane
09.08.2018: Hajvali, barilevë, prugovc, brnica of eperme and lower Bernice, besi, White,, teneshdoll of vranidoll
The Citizen s’ co-operation in this process is of a particular importance to the success of this process. So pray all citizens for co-operation so that this activity is as successful as possible. During the time of dezinsektimit, citizens have to keep the windows closed, not to put insects in and limit the exits through the spaces where the dezinsektimi is being conducted at least an hour. Also appealed to the associations associations, for caution added during this period. Monitoring this activity on the part of the pristina municipality will be constant, and in co-operation with citizens we will give the maximum for a more effective coefficient.
Isuf Azemi, chairman of the Kosovo Private Sector Union, said that Kosovo private sector workers are treated as slaves.
He has said that “we still have employees who are paid 130 euros”.
Meanwhile, according to him, the number of workers who work without employment contracts reaches 50 to 60 percent.
“Perhaps the inspectorate did not find more than 12 percent, but it is evident that the Inspectorate a month before inspecting the companies tells that the inspection will be carried out. No workers can be found without contracts with cars and cars, “said Azemi, at the” Pulse “of KTV.
“Workers spend up to 1 thousand hours of work outside of their working hours within a year,” he said.
He has said that as trade unions are very confident in this data.
With these statistics Berat Rukiqi, newly elected chair of the Kosovo Chamber of Commerce, was not accepted. He has said that the degree of informality in Kosovo is about 30 percent.
“I think we should be careful not to use too big terms, let’s say they are treated as slaves, however it can be said that the situation is not so good,” said Rukiqi.
As it protects businesses, head of the Chamber, he has said that most of the companies are faced with
The Deputy Chief Labor Inspector also disagreed with these figures.
“In the inspected subjects we found that 4.2 percent of employees did not have employment contracts,” he said.
He also talked about workplace death, when he showed that during the year 2018, 12 workers were killed in the workplace, 11 of them accidentally and 1 was a natural death.