Line interconnection of electricity between Albania and Kosovo was unveiled with fanfare in the presence of the two prime ministers and many other officials last June, after many years of delays in design and construction, but political disagreements between Serbia and Kosovo make it impossible to put in this line of work causing significant losses to the transmission operators and blocking the development of the common energy market between Albania and Kosovo and beyond, the common market of the entire Balkans.
Deputy Director of the Energy Community Secretariat in Vienna Dirk Buschle told BIRN that the problem is political and not technical and does not currently see a way out.
“This line can not be put into operation. This is a political problem and we are not happy about it. The issue will be dealt with again for discussion at the Summit of Trieste in July 2017, “said Buschle.
Secretariat of the Energy Community based Vienëështë international organization that coordinates and oversees the implementation of the Treaty of Athens, the treaty adopted in 2015 by which the countries of the European Union and the Balkan countries of the region of the Black Sea, have agreed create a common energy market, as part of the integration process of the region in the European common market.
Angel Zeqo, director of Operator Transmission of Energy (OST) public company that owns the lines of high voltage, said that his company has annual loss in revenue arrears of at least 500 thousand euros from the failure to work this line while also plan to optimize the operation of the power system of Kosovo and blocked due Shqipërisëështë line.
“If we sell the line capacity of the common market, the revenues generated would be about 500 thousand euros,” said Zeqo.
“The problem is technically simple,” he added.
Kosovo must obtain a broadcasting code by ENTSO-E, but not recognized as a control zone by ENTSO-E. Serbia has asked Kosovo to recognize the Serbian operator of energy distribution in the north of Kosovo in exchange for recognition of Kosovo Transmission Operator as a separate entity.
ENTSO-E is the European Network of Transmission Operators for Electricity and responsible for the operation of the single market in electricity.
No punishment for Serbia
Serbia ndërkohëështë determined by the Energy Community as a breaker of rules that it itself has signed for the creation of a common market, known as Package II Energy . Last October, the Ministerial Council of the Energy Community found violations by Serbia and set a deadline of December 31, 2016. Theoretically, the Energy Community Secretariat should propose sanctions for Serbia in the Council of Ministers, but by Buschle, can be of a political nature and therefore not very efficient.
The interconnection line between Albania and Kosovo, aimed at simultaneously increasing energy security and creating the conditions Albania to optimize the operation of power systems of Albania and Kosovo. In the event that the line would function, Albania could benefit from improving the efficiency of utilization of hydropower and Kosovo would benefit from improving the efficiency of utilization of coal power plants.